Oral Cancer Definition
Cancers whose primary origins are the tongue, under-tongue, gums, and tissues of the mouth and throat are known as oral cancers. As you get older, the risk increases, but many cancerous people have a history of smoking, drinking too much alcohol, or infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV).
If anyone has any of the following symptoms for more than two weeks, it is advisable to see a doctor or dentist because oral cancer can start with the following symptoms:
- The presence of a sore, scarred, mass or thickened tissue in the mouth, lip, tongue or throat
- White or red spots in the mouth
- Feeling stuck in the throat that doesn’t improve
- Difficult to chew or swallow food
- Having trouble moving the jaw or tongue
- Numbness in tongue or other parts of the mouth
- Jaw swelling
- Feeling pain in one ear without loss of hearing loss or loss
Causes of Oral Cancer
Smoking and drinking alcohol
Taking any kind of tobacco and smoking it increases the risk of this cancer. Drinking too much alcohol in the long run has the same effect. People who smoke and drink too much are at greater risk.
Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV)
Some studies have shown the association between infection with HPV (transmitted through sex) and oral cancer. The role of HPV type 16 in the development of oral cancer has been extensively investigated.
Aging increases the risk of infection. Most affected people are over 40 years of age.
Long-term exposure to sunlight on the lips may cause lip cancer.
People whose diets do not contain sufficient amounts of vegetables and fruits do not consume enough vitamins and antioxidants and are therefore at risk of developing oral cancer.
Early diagnosis of this disease is very important because oral cancer can progress rapidly and spread to other parts of the body. It is therefore advisable to see a physician or dentist to see the potential symptoms of the disease mentioned, because careful examination of the mouth, throat, lips, face, and neck can identify lesions suspected to be cancer and take measures. He did the necessary thing for them.
Oral cancer is treated with chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. Depending on the type of cancer and its progression, the above methods may be used alone or together.
New therapies include targeted chemotherapy, in which the drug cleverly affects only cancer cells and does not kill healthy body cells.
This treatment has fewer side effects than traditional chemotherapy. Oral cancer treatment may be done with the help of a group of specialists including maxillofacial surgeons, plastic and reconstructive surgeons, oncologists, radiologists, dentists, speech therapists, nurses, nutritionists, and psychological counselors.
The best way to prevent oral cancer is to avoid smoking and drinking too much alcohol. Controlling sex and avoiding risky sex may also prevent HPV infection and oral cancer. A diet high in vegetables, fruits, and fiber is also effective in preventing this cancer.