Oral hygiene should be an important part of everyone’s daily schedule. The purpose of brushing and flossing should not only be cleaning and removing microbial plaques from the teeth but also removing these plaques from the tongue and other oral mucosa. Prevention of tooth and gum disease is not possible without choosing the right toothbrush and also the right brushing method.
Suitable toothbrush: When choosing a toothbrush, be careful about the size and type of fibers. The toothbrush should have nylon fibers. Fibers or toothbrush heads have three types of soft, medium to hard. Moreover, soft to medium toothbrushes are best used for brushing, because repeated use of hard toothbrushes can damage enamel, gum and even cause gum loss. The toothbrush hair usually wears off after three months of use. If this change occurs sooner, for example within a couple of weeks, it indicates that either the toothbrush is not suitable, or the person does not brush properly and put too much pressure on the toothbrush. The toothbrush should be positioned at an angle of between 30 and 45 degrees between the tooth and gum, and with gentle force and circular movements. This procedure should take about 15 seconds in each area.
The size of the toothbrush should also be proportional to the person’s mouth. To this end, it is necessary for kids toothbrush to be smaller than for adults. According to the pediatric dentist’s recommendation, children need to be assisted and supervised while brushing until the age of 7 to 8 years.
Brush Types: The toothbrushes available in the market are electric and manual. Some studies have shown that the effect of electric toothbrushes on microbial plaque removal and tooth cleaning is greater than that of manual toothbrushes. Electric toothbrush has its own benefits. The use of electric toothbrushes is beneficial to most people because it provides a good brushing technique and enhances one’s motivation and long-term acceptance regardless of individual ability. These toothbrushes are especially useful for children or people undergoing orthodontic treatment, as well as for people with a disability or motor disability such as Parkinson’s or arthritis.
Electric Toothbrush Types
First Generation: This is a battery-operated model. The advantage of this group is that they are cheaper and portable. However the short life span and mechanical fragility of these toothbrushes are one of their disadvantages. Some toothbrushes have a detachable rotary head and work with a rechargeable battery.
Second Generation: The toothbrush head movement in this group is either vibrationally forward or backward. Their prices are higher and they have a timer. The toothbrush also has a pressure sensitive sensor.
Third Generation or Sonic Toothbrushes: An electric toothbrush is fitted with a motor for moving the toothbrush’s hair. These toothbrushes are rechargeable and available in a variety of types.
Ultrasonic: The hairs on the toothbrush move with the help of a piezoelectric crystal. Slip-on toothbrushes have a small head and do not rotate, but their hair moves in place. This feature ensures that the teeth are cleaned point-by-point and the masses of a particular area are well removed.
In general, toothbrushes that are vibrating or rotating toothbrushes are better than manual toothbrushes to clean plaque and areas between teeth and reduce gingivitis. According to studies, the rate of plaque removal and cleaning of electric toothbrushes has been reported to be between 11% and 21% higher than manual toothbrushes.
Some toothbrushes also have a water tank and help with the tooth cleaning process by spraying water. It should be noted that water spray alone without mechanical washing has little effect on microbial plaque removal. These systems are most effective in people who have orthodontic wires or dental bridges.
The greater the number of strokes and the speed of the roots, the greater the cleaning power of the toothbrush. With a pulsating rotary toothbrush, because of its similarity to a conventional hand-held toothbrush, it is a good option for those who like the big toothbrush. Small toothbrushes are the best option for cleaning out of the reach parts of the mouth. The size of the electric toothbrush should be proportional to the person’s age. For children between the ages of 4 and 12, a toothbrush, usually lightweight and easier to maintain, should be purchased.
- Before and after each use, wash your toothbrush with warm water to remove any residual toothpaste and food from the fibers. Bacteria can easily grow in a toothbrush that is not well washed, and the next time you brush, they may be transferred to your mouth.
- Put the toothbrush in a standing position where it will dry faster. If your toothbrush stays warm and humid, it can be a good place for bacteria to grow.
- Change your toothbrush once every 3 to 4 months. In electric toothbrushes, replace the toothbrush brush every 3 to 4 months. The blue hair on most toothbrushes indicates the age of the toothbrush. When the blue color fades to half, the toothbrush’s life is over and the toothbrush needs replacement.
- Putting all the toothbrushes in a glass so that their heads are in contact can also cause germs to move from one toothbrush to another.
- Do not use each other’s toothbrushes!
- To clean the toothbrush, pour a few mouthwashes containing alcohol into a cup and shake the toothbrush for 30 seconds in it. Alcohol will kill most bacteria.
- It is recommended that you brush your teeth with fluoride-containing toothpaste twice a day, for 2 minutes and floss between the teeth. One of the benefits of having a toothbrush is a timer that helps one to see how long he has cleaned his teeth.
- The type or brand of toothbrush doesn’t matter much. Conversely, brushing and flossing at the same time every day is more important to protect teeth.
- How to brush your teeth helps your oral health, not the toothbrush type! So with a regular toothbrush you can clean your teeth well. Of course, some people enjoy brushing with electric toothbrushes, which gives them more time to brush and more often. As a result, these people’s oral health improves even further.