BeautyDental Oralcare

Scaling teeth

Teeth whitening

Scaling teeth

One of the most common dental questions among people is the need for teeth whitening. On the other hand, some even believe that scaling damages the enamel, and in some cases, dentists recommend it for financial reasons. In this article, we will explain the above.

Why do teeth need to be scaled?

Normally the teeth are covered by a sticky layer called Tooth plaque that contains millions of bacteria. These bacteria take sugar substances in food and produce acidic substances that can damage the enamel. If the enamel is repeatedly exposed to acid, its structure breaks down, causing tooth decay. Dental plaque becomes hard and hard, if not removed from the surface of the tooth and the interdental space, and becomes calculus with the addition of calcareous sediment from saliva. In the early stages, these plaques are soft and easily removable by brushing and flossing, but over time they become a hard layer that needs to be removed by the dentist. Remaining bacteria on the teeth not only causes bad breath but also affects the color and health of the teeth and can lead to gum disease.


Is scaling teeth harmful?

Unfortunately, there is a misconception among people that scaling destroys enamel and provides for more decay. This belief is completely false, as the tooth dirt not only damages the gums and tooth-retaining tissues, but is also a place for the accumulation and proliferation of bacteria that can only be removed by scaling. On the other hand, numerous scientific studies have identified the association between gum disease with cardiovascular disease or even premature births in women. The bacteria that cause the above mentioned diseases appear to be common. So it can be concluded that the presence of plaque and dental mass is not only a threat to your oral health, but also a potential danger to your general health. On the other hand, it is said that scaling makes the teeth more sensitive and hot or cold drink cause pain in the teeth. In response, the mass on the teeth acts as an insulator due to its thickness and partially impedes the sense of heat. So it is only natural to better sense heat by removing it. Of course, this sensitivity is not permanent and disappears after a few days.


What are the factors affecting tooth mass?

The amount of mass created on the teeth depends on the type of saliva composition, nutritional habits and oral health status of the person. The more alkaline the dental environment (for example, those with high salivation or regular use of protein supplements for bodybuilding), the greater the rate and speed of dental mass formation. Mass formation is more intense at the inner surfaces of the lower front teeth and adjacent surfaces of the salivary glands. This is because of the increased difficulty to access these areas, the inaccuracy of brushing these areas, as well as the greater secretion and contact of saliva with these surfaces. However, everyone can minimize that mass by properly brushing, flossing and better oral hygiene.


How often should you do scaling?

Depending on the amount of mass created on the teeth, most people need to do teeth scaling once or twice a year. Smokers, people with high saliva secretion and those who do not brush well, may need to do scaling earlier than six months.

How does tooth mass damage the gums?

When the tooth mass accumulates above the gum line, the gum tissue swells and bleeds easily. This condition is called gingivitis and is the early stage of periodontal disease. If blood comes from brushing your gums, it is the start of a problem and you should see a dentist because gingival bleeding indicates active inflammation. In an area that has bleeding, you should brush more (not necessarily harder) and not be afraid of bleeding. Proper brushing in this area gradually reduces bleeding.


What is the difference between conventional and deep cleaning scaling?

The answer should explain that there are two types of dental masses based on the positioning:

Type one: Most mass is on the crown surface of the tooth and above the gum, which is found on the collar area and in some cases on the masticatory surfaces of the tooth.
Second type: It is under the gum and in the gingival groove and adheres firmly to the root surface. This type of mass can be diagnosed by clinical signs and radiography. The formation of this mass is more damaging to the gum tissue and the surrounding bone, as it causes more severe inflammation, causing the gum and bone to corrode around the teeth. This corrosion can lead to tooth decay at more advanced stages. The term “cleaning” implies initial scaling  and the term “deep-cleaning” refers to the second type tooth scaling. Deep scaling is usually more difficult and time consuming for dentists or health workers, and therefore more expensive.

Some important points: One of the most important things to do during teeth scaling is polishing the dental surfaces after mass removal. If this is not done correctly, the tooth surfaces remain rough and are more prone to mass formation. Another issue is the distinction between mass and change in color (stain). The discoloration can be due to drinking tea and coffee or smoking. Most of these are eliminated with a simple polish, but in some cases, they cling to the tooth therefore special tools are needed. Nowadays, one of the most common things that people ask dentists is teeth whitening. It is important to know that the dentist removes the color deposits and minerals deposited on the teeth surface during scaling and therefore does not change the internal color of the tooth and should not expect excessive whiteness from scaling, although due to the loss of the mass layer, a bit of whiteness and color change can be seen.

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