Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is almost the most common gastrointestinal dysfunction. According to various statistics, between 10% and 25% of people have IBS, which is twice in women than men. The reason for the statistical differences is that many people do not see a doctor, so the number of registered patients is lesser. It is reported that only 30% of people with IBS (mostly with diarrhea complaints) go to the doctor. The disorder directly costs the US health system at least $6.1 billion annually.
Definition of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): It is a set of gastrointestinal disorders that cause discomfort to the person without any problems in examinations, tests and even endoscopy of the gastrointestinal tract.
Symptoms of IBS: Symptoms include abdominal pain and discomfort, bloating and excessive gas production in the gastrointestinal tract, altered bowel movements, and diarrhea, constipation, or both. These symptoms recur repeatedly throughout the day or week, disrupting the normal course of life of the person affected. Pain and discomforts are usually relieved by bowel movement. Many people experience periods of increased symptoms and periods of partial recovery.
Factors that can exacerbate IBS symptoms:
Food: Many people experience that consuming certain foods such as dairy products, wheat derivatives, citrus fruits, beans, cabbage and carbonate drinks can cause gastrointestinal discomfort. Affected people may have problems with some of these foods or foods off the list. How these foods affect the onset of their symptoms is unknown.
Stress: Increased stress can trigger or worsen symptoms in most IBS patients. For example, many may experience gastrointestinal pain, flatulence, and diarrhea during exams, interviews, and other important occasions and ceremonies. It should be noted that stress is not the cause of IBS.
Hormones: Women with IBS experience more symptoms during periods of menstruation, which may indicate the role of hormonal changes in increasing IBS symptoms.
Reasons for IBS: The definitive cause of the disorder has not yet been determined, but factors such as increased or decreased intestinal muscle contractility, dysfunction of the gastrointestinal nervous system, and changes in the gastrointestinal microbial flora (beneficial bacteria of the large intestine) may be contributing to the symptoms of IBS. .
Diagnosis: As mentioned, there is no particular issue in examinations, tests and endoscopy of the gastrointestinal tract of a person with IBS; however, most physicians request medical tests to rule out other diagnoses after receiving a detailed history and examination. If these tests are normal (based on a person’s history), the person is likely to have IBS.
prevention: For IBS, prevention means preventing the periodic onset of symptoms or exacerbating them, otherwise there is currently no way to prevent this disorder. People affected by the following methods may prevent the onset or exacerbation of symptoms.
Psychological counseling: Since stress plays an important role in the onset or exacerbation of symptoms, consulting a psychologist to learn how to control and reduce stress may help people with symptoms to prevent or reduce symptoms.
Progressive Relaxation Exercises: These exercises are to relax and tighten all the muscles of the body individually. Exercises start from the leg muscles and continue to the facial and eye muscles.
Mindfulness Training: Using techniques such as meditation and yoga, techniques to control and reduce mental anxiety and stress can be learned. These techniques teach one to focus on the present moment and to avoid worrying about the future.
Receiving Body Sensory Information (Biofeedback): In more severe cases, by placing special sensors on the muscles of the body, the affected person can be notified of the stimulation of these muscles to prevent the onset or exacerbation of IBS symptoms by performing mind and muscle relaxation exercises.
Diet: Avoiding foods that trigger or aggravate the symptoms of IBS may be effective in prevention.
In conclusion, it should be noted that the above methods do not cure IBS but help control the symptoms or prevent them from starting. Although IBS is not a disease, it definitely has a negative effect on the quality of life of those affected. So in the month of IBS, we encourage others to read this article to help improve the quality of life for IBS patients.