Properties of Pomegranate
In most sources, Iran has been mentioned as the origin of pomegranates, and of course, the fruit has been cultivated in eastern region such as Afghanistan and Pakistan to northern India and the Himalayas. Although the history of pomegranate consumption dates back to ancient times, it has only been used extensively in Europe and the US for the last two centuries. Iran is the second largest producer and exporter of pomegranates in the world after India. In this issue we will discuss the various pomegranate compounds and properties.
Pomegranate Compounds: Water makes up more than 75% of the weight of pomegranates. 100 grams of pomegranate containing 83 calorie of energy, 19 gram of carbohydrates, 7.1 gram of protein, 3 mg of sodium, 236 mg of potassium, 4 grams of dietary fiber, 14 grams of sugar, 2.1 grams of total fat and 1 gram of saturated fat. The amount of trans fat and cholesterol in pomegranates is zero. Pomegranate also has vitamins B And C And minerals include calcium, magnesium, manganese, iron, phosphorus and zinc.
Pomegranate benefits for health: Pomegranates are a good source of partial supply of water, carbohydrates, nutritional fiber, vitamins C, Antioxidants and the daily energy needed by the body. Here is a summary of some of the benefits of pomegranates for health:
Anti-inflammatory, anti-infection and anti-cancer properties: Pomegranates are rich in antioxidants called Polyphenols And Anthocyanins. Fresh pomegranate juice contains more antioxidants than almost any other juice. The amount of antioxidants in fresh pomegranate juice is three times higher than red wine and green tea. Fresh pomegranates also contain large amounts of vitamins C. Antioxidants and Vitamins C neutralize Free Radicals in the body, which are the main causes of cellular oxidation, cancer and aging. These substances also help kill cancer cells (That are naturally and inevitably produced every day in the body and must be eliminated). On the other hand, the presence of antioxidants and vitamins C in pomegranates can help reduce inflammatory reactions in the body and reduce the risk of infections.
Helps improve cardiovascular health and lower blood pressure: Vitamin C And the great number of antioxidants in pomegranates can prevent the process of oxidation of fats ( Especially cholesterol LDL) at the wall of the arteries, causing damage to the arterial wall that initiates atherosclerosis or Atherosclerosis disease.It can also prevent hypertension and the onset of cardiovascular disease. On the other hand, the ratio of potassium to sodium in pomegranates is very high, which causes sodium to be excreted by the kidneys and to lower blood pressure. High-potassium diets containing fruits and vegetables are an important part of proper cardiovascular health today.
Reduces inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract: Antioxidant substances in pomegranate can help reduce inflammatory reactions in the intestines and excretion of waste products from the gastrointestinal tract. This property can also help reduce symptoms in patients with inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis.
Helping Diabetic Patients: Early research has shown that drinking fresh pomegranate juice daily (5.1 ml/kg body weight) can improve the sugar status in diabetic patients. Fructose and Sorbitol sugars in pomegranate juice, although sweeter than glucose, do not increase blood sugar and insulin secretion in diabetics.
Helps relieve inflammation in muscles and joints: Anti-inflammatory properties of pomegranate can help help reduce arthritis problems and symptoms of Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. People who exercise hard workouts usually have fatigue and muscle damage. Some early research has shown that daily consumption of pomegranate juice can repair these injuries. The anti-inflammatory properties of pomegranates appear to have the following effects.
Prevent cancer from progressing: Ingredients in pomegranate can theoretically neutralize and eliminate free radicals and prevent cancer progression. Many studies using pills containing Pomegranate Extract have been used in the treatment of prostate, breast and several other cancers and some claim to be effective. However, more clinical research is needed to prove the efficacy of these therapies. Also, for prostate cancer, daily consumption of pomegranate juice may reduce men’s risk of developing cancer.
Tips about pomegranates: Try to eat whole grains as full and fresh as possible to get maximum advantage of it antioxidants and vitamins C. More antioxidants and vitamins C in pomegranate juice disappear after a while, so pomegranate juice on the market does not have the listed benefits for human health, despite the many advertisements about it. People with difficulty digesting grains and pomegranate kernels can taste fresh pomegranate juice. Pomegranates can be used in making fruit salads, desserts and various smoothies. Pomegranate paste is also one of the best natural flavors for foods.