Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
In 2016, about 3,600 children under the age of one in the United States died suddenly and of unknown cause. The sudden infant death syndrome under the age of one known as SIDS is a painful lesion that can impose irreparable psychological damage on the mother and other family members for life. Therefore in this article, we will explain about this syndrome.
Definition of SIDS
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome refers to the sudden, unexpected death of a child under the age of one who, after adequate and thorough research, remains unknown. Research into a child’s death should include an autopsy, examination of the scene and scene of the child’s death, and a review of the child’s medical history. If, after all this research, the cause of the child’s death remains unknown, it is considered SIDS. This syndrome is the leading cause of death in children under one year of age in the United States, occurring mostly between the ages of two and four months and during sleep.
Reasons for SIDS
The cause or causes of sudden death in children under one year of age are still unknown, although much research is ongoing. The results of some research confirm the hypothesis that children who die from SIDS are more likely to be born with defects and problems in parts of their brain’s nerve cells that cannot be identified at birth. These cells are responsible for controlling vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and waking up.
Dysfunction of these cells can lead to respiratory arrest of heart, raise or lower the child’s body temperature, or prevent the child from waking up if he or she has a respiratory failure, leading to the child’s death. Unfortunately, it is not currently possible to detect these defects at birth, but researchers hope to reduce the number of deaths of children under the age of one by devising ways to identify them.
Factors that increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome
In the following situations, the risk of SIDS increases:
– Putting children to sleep over their stomachs
– Putting the child to sleep on very soft surfaces, such as a soft adult mattress, can cause the child’s head to sink into these surfaces and the air to not reach the infant.
– Excessive warming of the baby’s body during sleep
– Exposure to secondhand smoke in the mother’s womb or after birth
– Laying the baby in a shared bed with parents, older children and pets
SIDS risk reduction strategies
Make a special bed for the child and put him or her to sleep in this bed during the day and night. It is best to place this bed in your bedroom and the closest distance to your bed, so that you can better check the baby while sleeping. It’s best to keep your baby asleep next to your bed until they’re one year old, but if that’s not possible, do so for until the baby is six months old. Use a flat, relatively firm mattress for your child. Special and standard cradles and mattresses are available in the market for this purpose (Safety-Approved Crib). The baby blanket should be the same size as the cradle and should not have extra sides that cover the baby’s face.
Avoid placing other objects such as dolls and toys in the cradle, especially at younger ages. Breastfeeding also reduces the risk of SIDS. Maternal smoking cessation during and after pregnancy and the prevention of smoking in front of children are also effective factors in reducing the risk of SIDS. Keep the bedroom temperature balanced and avoid overheating. Research has shown that using a pacifier during sleep reduces the risk of SIDS. The same is true for breastfed babies. Contrary to some misconceptions, vaccination does not increase the risk of SIDS. Therefore, perform the child’s examinations and vaccinations according to the doctor’s or specialist’s instructions.