MentalPsychology

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety Disorders

Everyone may have anxiety at different points in their lives. This kind of anxiety is a natural part of human life. But people with anxiety disorders are always anxious and not only can their problem not be resolved, but if left untreated and over time, their illness may worsen, disrupting their job, education and family responsibilities. In this article and the next issue of the journal, we discuss anxiety disorders.

Types of Anxiety Disorders: These disorders are usually divided into three main groups: Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder and Various Phobia-Related Disorders.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder or GAD: People with this disorder express extreme anxiety and worry about everyday issues such as personal health, social relationships, the workplace and working conditions for at least six months (most days). Symptoms of this disorder include:

  • Loss of energy, quick tiredness, feeling tired and feeling done
  • Having trouble controlling feelings of anxiety and worry
  • Difficulty concentrating and feeling depleted
  • Immediate irritability and muscle contraction
  • Sleep disorders such as difficulty sleeping or waking up at midnight

Panic Disorder: People with this disorder develop unexpected and recurrent panic attacks. These attacks, in the form of growing panic, begin quickly and peak within a minute. Attacks may start without an introduction or through a frightening object or situation. Affected people may experience the following states during a panic attack: palpitations or perspiration, tremors, shortness of breath or suffocation, near death, and lack of control over the body.

These people are often worried about subsequent attacks and strongly avoid objects, places, situations and behaviors that may trigger the attacks. Concerns about the onset of the attacks and their overwhelming efforts to avoid the onslaught are causing many problems in their personal and social lives.

Types of fear disorders: Phobia is a type of extreme irrational fear of a particular object, activity, or situation. People with this disorder become extremely anxious and anxious about the fear factor and therefore avoid it altogether and if they are forced to do so, it will be very difficult for them to endure. Was. The types of fear disorders can be categorized as follows:

Specific Phobias: People who are exposed to a particular subject develop severe anxiety and worry. Some of these special topics include height, flight, specific animals (such as snakes, dogs or spiders), injections and exposure to blood. These people are also very worried about dealing with these issues.

Social Anxiety Disorder: The disorder, formerly known as Social Phobia, is a severe fear of social activity or any activity in front of a crowd. They are afraid to talk to the crowd, to play, and even in more severe cases, to party (where strangers may be). These people also have a lot of problems while studying, and in the classroom they usually hide in the eyes of the teacher and classmates, because even though they know the answers to the questions, they are extremely afraid of answering to the crowd.

Fear of crowded places (Agoraphobia): People with this disorder are extremely afraid of and may avoid the following two situations (or more and all):

Using public transportation (such as buses, subways and trains), indoors and small areas such as elevators, crowded areas such as markets or sports stadiums, or even leaving home and outdoors. They are more afraid of these situations because they think that if they get a phobia attack, it will be very difficult for them to escape. In severe cases, people may completely settle down.

Separation Anxiety Disorder: Although fear of loneliness can naturally occur in children, it can also occur in adults. Affected people usually depend on the individual or specific loved ones and if they are separated, they will develop severe anxiety and anxiety. These individuals may experience nightmares in which they are separated from the person or persons in question and feel very uncomfortable with this separation.

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