Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD, is a disorder that is usually diagnosed in childhood, but in most cases persists into adulthood. About six million children and ten million adults in the US suffer from this disorder. Given the importance of early recognition of the disease in childhood and the arrival of October (National Awareness Month on ADHD), this article introduces this disease.


Definition of ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD is associated with three types of behavioral disorders: Inattention, Hyperactivity, and Impulsivity. The disorder is usually diagnosed in childhood and preschool age, but often persists into adulthood.

Symptoms and Symptoms of ADHD:

Symptoms of this disorder are classified into three groups:


  • Easily distracting, unfinishing one activity and moving quickly to another.
  • Immediately tired of doing one act and getting bored.
  • Having trouble focusing on or completing an activity and having trouble completing school assignments.
  • Missing personal belongings and other objects.
  • Not listening or ignore what others are saying when talking to them.
  • Daydreaming or Wandering without the motivation to perform a particular activity.
  • Difficult to execute commands and requests.



  • Restlessness, body twist and difficulty sitting in one place.
  • Talking without interruption.
  • Touching and playing with any available tool.
  • Perform tasks and activities along with making a lot of noise.


  • Acting regardless of the consequences and consequences, and speaking inappropriate speech.
  • Lack of patience in all activities, failure to take turns and dislike sharing things or sharing with others.
  • Interrupting others.

The above signs and symptoms can occur in both children and adults, but some are usually seen only in children. On the other hand, it should be noted that children with ADHD usually develop most of the above symptoms together, and showing few of these symptoms is not an indication of ADHD.


Causes of ADHD: The cause of this disorder is not well understood, but researchers believe the impact of genetic and environmental factors on the disease is effective. Research has shown that ADHD is more common in some families and may be genetically inherited. Regarding environmental factors, smoking and alcohol consumption by the mother during pregnancy can cause ADHD in these children. Excessive exposure to lead or intoxication in childhood can also lead to ADHD in children.

Diagnosis: Diagnosing ADHD is not easy, as other disorders such as Anxiety, Depression, Sleep Problems and some types of Learning Disabilities can show similar symptoms. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has provided parents and teachers with an early checklist to fill out the form and submit it to the school health officer if they suspect childhood ADHD. However, the final diagnosis of ADHD is up to the physician or psychologist.

Treatment: Specialists like Child Psychologist or Developmental Pediatrician can better help treat children with ADHD because each child needs their own treatment plan. The sooner treatment begins, the better are the results. In addition to drug therapies, other therapies such as training in learning, concentration and social skills are also implemented by the therapist. For adults, a treatment that consists of medication, behavioral therapy, diet and exercise can also help those affected.

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