HealthSex & Love

Sexually Transmitted Diseases – Part 2

Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Part 2

Sexually Transmitted Diseases – Part 2

Sexually transmitted diseases are infections or diseases that are transmitted from person to person during sexual activity. However, some of them can be transmitted by contact with the body fluids of an infected person. More than twenty types of STDs annually infect millions of men and women. Sexually transmitted diseases can be caused by viruses, bacteria or parasites. In total, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 19 million new cases of STDs are reported each year, nearly half of which are adolescents aged 15 to 24 years.

Anyone with STDs should exercise caution to prevent the spread of the disease to others, such as using condoms while having sexual contact. In the last topic we talked about common viral sexually transmitted diseases, including AIDS, genital herpes and genital warts. In this issue we will talk about common bacterial sexually transmitted diseases.

 

Common Bacterial Sexually Transmitted Disease

Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis are common types of this group that are transmitted by bacteria.

 

Chlamydia trachomatis infection

It is the most common STD worldwide. Most people with Chlamydia infection have symptoms such as pain or discomfort during intercourse, urinating burn, abdominal pain, and yellowish-green discharge from the penis or vagina, which, if left untreated, can reach the prostate gland in men. This infection can reach uterus and may result in pelvic infection in women and also be a cause of infertility or ectopic pregnancy. Chlamydia infection is referred to as “silent infection” because it is asymptomatic in many cases. This infection can be passed on to the sex partners without them knowing if no protection measure is in place. Chlamydia can be treated with a specific antibiotic.

 

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is another common infection caused by bacteria. Penicillin and some other powerful antibiotics can treat gonorrhea. If left untreated, women can experience pelvic infection, infertility, or ectopic pregnancy.

 

Syphilis

Symptoms of syphilis occur in four stages: primary, secondary, hidden, and third. There is a condition called congenital syphilis, which is transmitted from a pregnant mother with syphilis to the fetus. Syphilis can affect the nervous system at any stage. Syphilis is not usually diagnosed in the early stages. Symptoms of syphilis include redness, fatigue, fever, headache, joint pain, weight loss and hair loss.

The first appearance is usually in the form of open, painless but highly infectious circular scars on the penis, around or inside the vagina, around the mouth, around the anus and sometimes even on the hands. If left untreated syphilis can cause transient rashes and damage to the eyes, nerves, blood vessels, bones, joints, liver and heart.

The disease first appears as temporary skin granules in the body and then infects the heart and nervous system. The progression of the disease is slow and it may even take years for the heart and nervous system to contract it. Moreover, it can be treated with antibiotics.

Syphilis rates are higher among homosexual men and bisexuals. Unlike untreated chlamydia and gonorrhea that do not threaten the lives of infected patients, syphilis is fatal if left untreated.

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